What is propane?

Propane (also called LPG: Liquefied petroleum gas) is a liquid fuel stored under pressure. In most systems, propane is vaporized to a gas before it leaves the tank. Propane is flammable when mixed with air (oxygen) and can be ignited by many sources including open flames, smoking materials, electrical sparks and static electricity. Severe free burn or frostbite can result if propane liquid comes in contact with your skin.

Running out of gas

Don’t run out of gas. Serious safety hazards, including fire or explosion can result.

  • If an appliance valve or gas line is left open, a leak could occur when the system is recharged with propane.
  • If your propane tank runs out of gas, any pilot lights on your appliances will go out. This can be extremely dangerous.
  • A leak check is required. In many states a propane retailer or qualified service technician must perform a leak check of your propane system before turning on the gas.

Can you smell propane?

Propane smells like rotten eggs, a skunk’s spray or a dead animal. Some people may have difficulty smelling propane dude to their age, a medical condition or the effects of medication, alcohol, tobacco or drugs.

Can propane lose its odor?

On rare occasions propane can lose its odor. Several things can cause this including:

  • The presence of air, water or rust in a propane tank or cylinder
  • The passage of leaking propane through the soil.

Since there is a possibility of odor loss or problems with your sense of smell, you should respond immediately to even a faint odor of gas.

Lighting Pilot Lights

If a pilot light repeatedly goes out or is very difficult to light, there may be a safety problem. Do not try to fix the problem yourself. It is strongly recommended that only a qualified service technician light any pilot light that has gone out.


You are taking the risk of starting a fire or an explosion if you light a pilot light yourself. Carefully follow all the manufacturer’s instructions and warnings concerning the appliance before attempting to light the pilot.


Flammable vapors are a safety hazard

The pilot light on your propane appliance can ignite vapors from gasoline, paint thinners, and other flammable liquids. Be sure to store and use flammable liquids outdoors or in an area of the building containing no propane appliances.

Appliance Maintenance

Leave it to the experts

Only a qualified service technician has the training to install, inspect, service, maintain and repair your appliances.Do not try to modify or repair valves, regulators, connectors, controls or other appliance and cylinder/tank parts. If you have an appliance that is more than 20 years old, have your connector inspected. Have your appliances and propane system inspected just before the start of each heating season.


Help your appliances “breathe”

Check the ents of your appliances to be sure that the flue gases can flow easily to the outdoor clear away tany insect or bird nests or other debris. Also clear the area around your appliances so plenty of air can reach the burner for propane combustion.


What to do if you smell gas

  1. No flames or sparks. Immediately put out all smoking materials and other open flames. Do not operate lights, appliances, telephones or cell phones. Flames or sparks from these sources can trigger an explosion or fire.
  2. Leave the area immediately. Get everyone out of the building or area where you suspect gas is leaking.
  3. Shut off the gas. Turn off the main gas supply valve on your propane tank if it is safe to do so. To close the valve, turn it to the right (clockwise).
  4. Report the leak from a neighbor’s home or other nearby building away from the gas leak. Call your propane retailer right away. If you can’t reach your propane retailer call 911 or your local fire department. Do not return to the building until someone qualified determines that it is safe to do so.
  5. Get your system checked before your attempt to use any of your propane appliances. Your propane retailer or qualified service technician must check your entire system to ensure that it is leak-free.


Should I buy a propane gas detector?

Under some circumstances, you may not smell a propane leak. Propane gas detectors sound an alarm if they sense propane in the air. They can provide an additional measure of security. You should consider the purchase of one or more detectors for your home.

Guidelines regarding propane gas detectors:

  • Buy only units that are listed by Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
  • Follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding installation and maintenance.
  • Never ignore the smell of propane, even if no detector is sounding an alarm.

What is carbon monoxide (CO)?

You can’t taste or smell CO, but it is very dangerous gas produced when any fuel burns. High levels of O can come from appliances that are not operating correctly. or from a venting system or chimney that becomes blocked.

What are symptoms of CO poisoning?

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea

In extreme cases CO can cause brain damage or death.

What to do if you suspect CO is present?

  1. If you or a family member shows physical symptoms of CO poisoning, get everyone out of the building and call 911 or your local fire department.
  2. If it is safe to do so, open windows to allow entry of fresh air, and turn off any appliances you suspect may be releasing CO.
  3. If no one has symptoms but you suspect CO is present call your propane retailer or qualified service technician to check CO levels and your propane equipment.

How to reduce the risk of CO poisening

  • Have a qualified service technician check your propane appliances and related venting systems annually, preferably before the heating season begins.
  • Install UL-listed CO detectors on every level of your home.
  • Never use a gas oven or range-top burners to provide space heating.
  • Never use portable heaters indoors unless they are designed and approved for indoor use.
  • Never use  a bbq grill (propane or charcoal)indoors for cooking or heating.
  • Regularly check your appliance exhaust vents for blockage.

Signs of improper appliance operation that can generate high CO levels

  • Sooting, especially on appliances and vents
  • Unfamiliar or burning odor
  • Increased moisture inside of windows

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